HPV vaccine protects against cancer, large study finds

The HPV vaccine substantially reduces a woman’s risk of developing cervical cancer, especially in women who were immunized at a younger age, a large Swedish study found.

The risk of developing cervical cancer was reduced by 88 percent in women who had been vaccinated before age 17, and by 53 percent in those vaccinated between ages 17 and 30, according to the study of nearly 1.7 million girls and women that was published in Thursday’s issue of The New England Journal of Medicine.

The researchers said the study is significant because while previous research has shown that the HPV vaccine can protect against the human papillomavirus infection, genital warts and cervical precancer, solid evidence that the vaccine actually prevented invasive cervical cancer was lacking.

“This is the first study to show that HPV vaccination protects against cervical cancer on the population level,” study author Par Sparen, a professor of medical epidemiology at the Karolinska Institute in Sweden, said in an email to NBC News.

“The study reassures that HPV vaccination is protective against cervical cancer, and that vaccination at young age is important for good protection,” Sparen said.

Women who were vaccinated as younger girls likely had better protection because they were immunized before they were exposed to HPV through sexual activity, the researchers said.

Human papillomaviruses are a group of viruses that cause genital warts and most cases of cervical cancer. HPV also can cause cancers of the vagina, vulva, anus, penis and throat. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that HPV causes nearly 35,000 cancer cases every year in women and men in the United States.

The study, which used nationwide registry data in Sweden, followed 1.7 million girls and women who were ages 10 to 30 between 2006 — the year the HPV vaccine was approved in that country — and 2017. Of them, 527,871 had received at least one dose of the vaccine during the study, most before age 17. Cervical cancer was diagnosed in 19 vaccinated women and 538 unvaccinated women during the study period.

The study is important because it “confirms what we know and also goes a step further,” Debbie Saslow, managing director of HPV and gynecological cancers at the American Cancer Society, said.

“We have really strong data that show that HPV vaccination prevents advanced cervical precancer, and all scientists in the world who work in cervical cancer agree that if you prevent advanced pre-cancer you prevent cancer, and that that is the accepted marker,” she said. “However, there are some critics and naysayers who say, ‘Yeah but show me that it prevents cancer,’ and this does that.”

Related: More than two-thirds of healthy Americans are teeming with wart viruses of all types, a new survey finds.

With the new paper, “we now have absolute numbers and data that say in the girls and young women who were vaccinated, they had very strong protection against cervical cancer, as compared to the women who weren’t vaccinated,” Saslow said.

The

Timothy Ray Brown, 1st person cured of HIV, dies after cancer relapse

Timothy Ray Brown, famous for being the first person to be cured of HIV, has died from cancer at age 54.

Known as the “Berlin patient,” Brown was diagnosed with both HIV and acute myeloid leukemia, a cancer of the white blood cells, while living in Berlin more than a decade ago, according to Reuters. After his cancer diagnosis in 2006, Brown received radiation therapy and a bone marrow transplant in 2007; the goal of the treatment was to kill the existing cancer in his body and jumpstart production of healthy white blood cells, which are generated in the bone marrow. 

But the physician who led the procedure, Dr. Gero Huetter, aimed to treat both Brown’s leukemia and his HIV using the same operation, according to The Associated Press

Related: 7 revolutionary Nobel Prizes in medicine

Huetter sought out a bone marrow donor with a rare genetic mutation that provides natural resistance against HIV infection. The virus normally targets white blood cells called CD4-T cells, which it infiltrates through a specific receptor on the cells’ surfaces; people with the genetic mutation have an altered version of this receptor, so the virus can’t slip inside, Live Science previously reported.

After his initial bone marrow transplant in 2007, Brown was cleared of HIV and remained free of the virus until his death, The Associated Press reported. He required a second transplant in 2008 to eliminate his leukemia, but after years in remission, the cancer returned last year and spread to his spine and brain, Reuters reported.

“I’m heartbroken that my hero is now gone. Tim was truly the sweetest person in the world,” Brown’s partner Tim Hoeffgen wrote in a Facebook post, according to Reuters.

“We owe Timothy and his doctor, Gero Huetter, a great deal of gratitude for opening the door for scientists to explore the concept that a cure for HIV is possible,” Adeeba Kamarulzaman, president of the International AIDS Society, told Reuters.

Originally published on Live Science. 

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Does Medicare cover prostate cancer care? Screening, tests and more

Medicare provides its beneficiaries with many different options for helping with the costs of prostate cancer care.

If someone is scheduled for a prostate cancer screening or has recently received a prostate cancer diagnosis, they may be thinking about which treatments, supplies, services, and prescription drugs Medicare may cover.

In this article, we will look at the Medicare coverage available for both the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer. We will also look at general costs, out-of-pocket expenses, and more.

We may use a few terms in this piece that can be helpful to understand when selecting the best insurance plan:

  • Deductible: This is an annual amount that a person must spend out of pocket within a certain time period before an insurer starts to fund their treatments.
  • Coinsurance: This is a percentage of a treatment cost that a person will need to self-fund. For Medicare Part B, this comes to 20%.
  • Copayment: This is a fixed dollar amount that an insured person pays when receiving certain treatments. For Medicare, this usually applies to prescription drugs.

The prostate is a small, spongy gland approximately the size of a ping-pong ball. It is located deep inside a person’s groin, sitting between the penis and the rectum.

The prostate is important for reproduction because it provides the seminal fluid, which mixes with sperm. Seminal fluid assists the sperm with transport and survival.

If something goes wrong with prostate cells, cancer may develop. Prostate cancer starts when a normal prostate cell shows irregular growth. One of the principal treatments is hormone therapy, which involves lowering a person’s hormone levels with drugs.

Different parts of Medicare cover different treatments and services, depending on their setting.

Medicare Part A

Part A, which is inpatient hospital insurance, covers:

  • inpatient hospital admissions, including cancer treatments a person receives during their stay
  • skilled nursing facility care following a 3-day hospital stay
  • home healthcare, such as rehabilitation services for speech-language, physical therapy, or skilled nursing care
  • hospice care
  • blood work
  • eligible clinical trials

It may be important to note that there are times when hospital stays can be considered outpatient. This may affect Medicare benefits, so if a person is unsure, they may ask the medical staff to clarify.

Medicare Part B

Part B covers outpatient care, including:

  • some preventive services for those who are considered at-risk for cancer
  • doctor visits
  • many intravenous chemotherapy drugs when administered in a doctor’s office
  • radiation treatments performed in a clinic
  • diagnostic tests such as x-rays and CT scans
  • durable medical equipment (DME) such as wheelchairs and walkers
  • outpatient surgical procedures
  • mental health services that are received in a clinic, doctor’s office, therapist’s office, or hospital outpatient department
  • certain preventive and screening services
  • some clinical trials

In some cases, Medicare will also cover the cost of a second opinion for non-emergency surgery, and a third opinion if the first and second opinions differ.

Screenings

Medicare covers prostate cancer screenings for the early detection of prostate cancer. Procedures covered include a digital rectal exam

First man cured of HIV dies of cancer: charity

The first person to be cured of HIV, Timothy Ray Brown — known as the “Berlin Patient” — has died after a battle with cancer, the International Aids Society (IAS) announced Wednesday. 

Brown made medical history and became a  symbol of hope for the tens of millions of people living with the virus that causes AIDS when he was cured more than a decade ago.

He had been living with a recurrence of leukaemia for several months and received hospice care at his home in Palm Springs, California. 

“On behalf of all its members… the IAS sends its condolences to Timothy’s partner, Tim, and his family and friends,” said IAS President Adeeba Kamarulzaman. 

“We owe Timothy and his doctor, Gero Hutter, a great deal of gratitude for opening the door for scientists to explore the concept that a cure for HIV is possible.”

Brown was diagnosed with HIV while was studying in Berlin in 1995. A decade later, he was diagnosed with leukaemia, a cancer that affects the blood and bone marrow.

To treat his leukaemia, his doctor at the Free University of Berlin used a stem cell transplant from a donor who had a rare genetic mutation that gave him natural resistance to HIV, hoping it may wipe out both diseases.

It took two painful and dangerous procedures, but it was a success: in 2008 Brown was declared free of the two ailments, and was initially dubbed “the Berlin Patient” at a medical conference to preserve his anonymity.

Two years later, he decided to break his silence and went on to become a public figure, giving speeches and interviews and starting his own foundation.

“I am living proof that there could be a cure for AIDS,” he told AFP in 2012. “It’s very wonderful, being cured of HIV.”

– ‘Champion’ –

Ten years after Brown was cured, a second HIV sufferer — dubbed “the London Patient” — was revealed to be in remission 19 months after undergoing a similar procedure. 

The patient, Adam Castillejo, is currently HIV-free. In August a California woman was reported to have no traces of HIV despite not using anti-retroviral treatment. 

It is thought she may be the first person to be cured of HIV without undergoing the risky bone marrow treatment. 

Sharon Lewin, president-elect of the IAS and director of the Doherty Institute in Melbourne, Australia, praised Brown as a “champion and advocate” of a cure for HIV.

“It is the hope of the scientific community that one day we can honour his legacy with a safe, cost-effective and widely accessible strategy to achieve HIV remission and curs using gene edition or techniques that boost immune control,” she said.

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CHI St. Luke’s The Woodlands Hospital employee, cancer patient faces obstacles with gratitude and thankfulness


In 2014, Heather Lozada was working as a nurse in Lubbock, but she felt something pulling her to Houston.

She applied for some jobs in Lubbock, but also put in for some in Houston where her sister lived. She applied for an educator position in the Texas Medical Center and within hours was scheduled for an interview.

“It was like God was saying, ‘Go to Houston, Go to Houston,’” she said.


She got the job and days later she and her husband, Joseph, bought a house in Houston.

“Everything was working out like it was supposed to,” Lozada said.

But she had a nagging feeling. She felt a lump but wasn’t too concerned. She was breastfeeding her 9-month-old son. She thought it was just a clogged milk duct.

She knew her insurance was about to run out with the job change, so she wanted to get it checked out just in case.



She had a mammogram and her OBGYN ordered an ultrasound.

Cancer diagnosis

“Everything had been working out so well, then all the sudden it was ‘oh, you have cancer,’” she said.

She had no history of breast cancer in her family and she had always lived a healthy and active lifestyle.


“It was a shocker being diagnosed with breast cancer,” she said. “I just never really thought it would happen to me.”

While she was still in Lubbock, she had a body scan and a biopsy.

She got the results while on a girls trip traveling to Houston with three of her closest friends.

Over the phone she found out she had Stage IV breast cancer that had spread to her liver and her lungs.


“It took my breath away,” she said. “I remember whispering,

See inside Ochsner’s Gayle and Tom Benson Cancer Center expansion | Health care/Hospitals

Six stories of glass walls facing the Mississippi River and an additional 115,000 square feet, roughly the size of two football fields, greet patients at the newly expanded Gayle and Tom Benson Center on Ochsner Health System’s main campus.

The $56 million expansion, which doubles the center’s previous size, allows all of Ochsner’s cancer programs to be housed under one roof, including the Lieselotte Tansey Breast Center, which was moved from across Jefferson Highway. The central location will ease the burden of treatment for cancer patients who need to see multiple specialists such as dieticians, surgeons, psychologists, social workers and nurse navigators.



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“We can address everything a cancer patient needs in this one building,” said Dr. Brian Moore, a head and neck cancer surgeon and director of the Ochsner Cancer Institute. “You don’t have to bounce between physician offices across town. You don’t even have to bounce across campus. All the doctors you need to see are right here.”

With this in mind, dedicated patient rooms that feel more like small offices than clinical examination rooms have been built to discuss patient care in a more comfortable setting. Modern cushioned benches rather than plastic chairs await patients who need to meet with someone on their care team but don’t need an examination. 

While patients receive infusions of cancer-fighting drugs that often have unpleasant side effects, they can look out at passing barges on the river or watch television on personal devices from a cushioned chair tucked into a cubicle-like nook. 

A special treatment space has been added for bone marrow transplant patients, whose immune systems are particularly vulnerable. That infusion area uses a positive pressure air system so that air flows out but not in, keeping out airborne pathogens. 

Louisiana’s health care facilities are set to receive over a billion dollars of federal coronavirus rescue funds, a staggering sum that demons…

The new infusion area also has a private treatment room for cancer patients who also are battling infectious illness. 

A dedicated room for acupuncture, shown to help cancer patients with symptoms such as nausea, will house Ochsner’s first-ever acupuncturist.

“We know how important the entire cancer patient and their support system is in treating their cancer,” said Emily Pirch, vice president of Ochsner cancer services. “It’s not just about the clinical care; there’s a significant impact of the mental toll.”

Room for yoga, support groups, cooking classes and art and music therapy is also planned. 

The expansion, which began in 2018, was largely funded with a $20 million gift from Gayle Benson and her late husband, Tom Benson. Donations of more than $1 million came from Paulette and Frank Stewart, Sheryl and Robert Merrick, Jackie Leonard, Stuart Smith and Barry Cooper. The rest of the money came from strategic capital investment, Pirch said.



A $50 million cancer center is set to open in Covington; see project's details

Citing a growing demand for cancer care in western St.

Hold Off Radiotherapy After Prostate Cancer Surgery

Most men who undergo radical prostatectomy can skip adjuvant radiotherapy and can be followed with observation alone. They can undergo early salvage radiotherapy if the disease shows sign of progressing, say experts reporting results from three similar clinical trials.

This approach would allow most men to avoid radiotherapy and its side effects altogether, the investigators emphasize.

The studies were published online September 28 in The Lancet and The Lancet Oncology.

“There is a strong case now that observation should be the standard approach after surgery and [that] radiotherapy should only be used if the cancer comes back,” commented Chris Parker, MD, the Royal Marsden NHS Foundation Trust and the Institute of Cancer Research, London, United Kingdom.

“Results suggest that radiotherapy is equally effective whether it is given to all men shortly after surgery or given later to those men with recurrent disease,” he said in a statement.

Parker was lead investigator on the largest of the studies, the phase 3 RADICALS-RT trial, published in The Lancet. Preliminary results were reported at a meeting last year. Similar results from two other trials were published in The Lancet Oncology. A preplanned meta-analysis of the three trials was published in The Lancet.

Despite a number of limitations to each of the studies, they represent “an important step forward” and support the use of early salvage radiotherapy for many patients following radical prostatectomy, write experts in an accompanying comment. The editorialists are Derya Tilki, MD, University Hospital Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany, and Anthony D’Amico, MD, Brigham and Women’s Hospital and the Dana Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts.

However, the editorialists question whether the results apply to all men who have undergone a radical prostatectomy.

One possible exception are men at high risk for progression, such as patients with a Gleason score of 8 to 10 or whose tumor is of grade pT3b or higher. Such patients made up fewer than 20% of participants in the three clinical trials. For high-risk patients, the editorialists think it would be “prudent” to consider adjuvant radiotherapy rather than early salvage therapy.

Results From RADICALS-RT

The RADICALS-RT trial involved 1396 patients who were followed for a median of 4.9 years. Participants had to have at least one risk factor for biochemical progression. These factors included disease of pathologic T-stage 3 or 4, a Gleason score of 7 to 10, positive margins, or a preoperative prostate-specific antigen (PSA) level ≥10 ng/mL.

Half of the men were randomly assigned to receive adjuvant radiotherapy (delivered within 6 months of study enrollment for 90% of patients). One quarter of this group also received either neoadjuvant or adjuvant hormone therapy, the investigators note.

The other half were followed with observation and received salvage radiotherapy group only if they showed biochemical progression within 8 years following randomization.

There was no evidence of a difference in biochemical progression-free survival (bPFS) between the adjuvant and salvage groups, Parker and colleagues report. At 5 years, bPFS rates were 85% for men in the adjuvant radiotherapy group and 88%

Dickey’s Barbecue Pit Supports Breast Cancer Awareness with First Limited-Edition Pink Big Yellow Cup

A portion of the proceeds from every Tribute Cup sold in October will be donated toward providing first responders with mammography screenings and other breast cancer detection services through The Dickey Foundation

Dallas, TX, Sept. 29, 2020 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — Dickey’s Barbecue Pit is joining the fight against breast cancer this October with the debut of its first limited-edition Pink Big Yellow Cup.

In honor of Breast Cancer Awareness Month in October, the world’s largest barbecue concept’s signature Big Yellow Cup will become pink. Throughout the month, Dickey’s will offer the 32-ounce limited-edition collectible Tribute Cup for purchase in all of their locations across the U.S

A portion of the proceeds from every charitable cup sold will be donated to The Dickey Foundation, which provides safety equipment and overall support for first responders. The Dickey Foundation will use the funds raised from the collectible Pink Big Yellow Cup to provide mammograms and other breast cancer detection, treatment and services for local first responders.

“Breast cancer is the most common cancer diagnosed among U.S. women and the second leading cause of death,” said Laura Rea Dickey, CEO of Dickey’s Barbecue Restaurants, Inc. “One in eight women will be diagnosed in their lifetime, and early detection is key to increasing survival rates. As the nation’s largest barbecue brand, Dickey’s is proud to support our local  first responders in the battle against breast cancer.”

To learn more, follow Dickey’s Franchise on Facebook, Instagram and Twitter. Download the Dickey’s Barbecue Pit app from the Apple App Store or Google Play.

About Dickey’s Barbecue Restaurants, Inc.

Dickey’s Barbecue Restaurants, Inc., the world’s largest barbecue concept, was founded in 1941 by Travis Dickey. For the past 79 years, Dickey’s Barbecue Pit has served millions of guests Legit. Texas. Barbecue.™ At Dickey’s, all our barbecued meats are smoked onsite in a hickory wood burning pit. Dickey’s proudly believes there’s no shortcut to true barbecue and it’s why they never say bbq. The Dallas-based, family-run barbecue franchise offers several slow-smoked meats and wholesome sides with ‘No B.S. (Bad Stuff)’ included. The fast-casual concept has expanded worldwide with two international locations in the UAE and operates over 500 locations in 44 states. In 2016, Dickey’s won first place on Fast Casual’s “Top 100 Movers and Shakers” list and was named a Top 500 Franchise by Entrepreneur in 2018. Dickey’s Barbecue Pit has also been recognized by Fox News, Franchise Times, The Wall Street Journal, QSR Magazine, Forbes Magazine and Nation’s Restaurant News. For more information, visit www.dickeys.com. 

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Attachments

CONTACT: Greer Martin Dickey's Barbecue Restaurants, Inc. 9729713898 [email protected]

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What Are The CBD Health Benefits In Treating Cancer?

Every day penis care plays a big function in males’s sexual health. Once we select to train or spend time cooking to maintain a healthy way of life, we’re competing with films, video games, TELEVISION and other issues without spending a dime time. Individuals who suffer from lung or heart issues over an extended period of time undergo from clubbing of the fingers.

Health inequality – the difference in mortality rates between the rich and the poor – is already a stark actuality Persevering with developments in medical technology are allowing those with money to take higher care of their health by life-style and nutrition, take preventative measures primarily based on testing such as genetic screening, and access advanced medical interventions to treatment illnesses once they do occur.

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One other factor that Psychological Health America discovered was that with the 2010 Affordable Care Act introducing the 10 Essential Health Benefits (EHB), a state would need to choose a health plan from the present health plans to make use of as a benchmark for different Qualified Health Plans (QHP) within that state (Nguyen, 2015).

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